11. ______. This philosopher used reason in an ironic fashion to demonstrate that reason was merely â€śa slave to the passionsâ€ť and the notion of the â€śselfâ€ť was incomprehensible.
12. ______. This theory denies that reason has anything to do with ethics and asserts that there are no moral truths but merely moral sentiments that are derived from our passions, emotions and desires.
13. _______. The philosophy known as â€śimmaterialismâ€ť is attributed to this Empiricist philosopher in the Modern Enlightenment who asked about the tree falling in the forest.
14. _______. According to this philosophy, happiness is equivalent to serenity or the â€śpeace of mindâ€ť that comes to us as a by-product of doing the things that we like to do.
15. _______. This Enlightenment philosophy is characterized by epistemological dualism, and embraces the scientific method and inductive reasoning as the defining methods of truth.